Chachoua CherifaUniversité Oran1 Ahmed Ben Bella, Algeria
Title: Ethics cardiopulmonary resuscitation discontinuation issues
The health of the individual is considered at the forefront of human concerns throughout history, and for this reason, the behavior of the patient in seeking recovery and the behavior of the doctor in providing treatment was based on good suspicions, but relied on them because most believed them when their causes were established. They treat so that they may be cured. Medicine, like Sharia, was developed to bring about the interests of safety and wellness and to ward off the evils of troubles and diseases. The goal of medicine and the doctor’s command is to make his treatment and management revolve around six pillars: preserving existing health, restoring lost health as possible, removing or minimizing illness as possible, and bearing the least of the two evils in order to obtain the greatest of them. Medical ethics is a phrase referring to basic principles and its role is to explain the rules that the medical professions adhere to, and it regulates behavior aimed at defining everything that doctors must follow, whether with regard to treating patients or in the medical work they perform of all kinds. Medical ethics and life sciences emerged in response to the need to control the need to respect the rights of individuals, but they are in themselves the result of ethical problems caused by scientific progress and the advancement of technology at the height of medical revival, which generates several ethical challenges. And because philosophy imposes itself to focus the modern ethical framework, the principles presented within it are what give the philosophical character of ethics. Hence, philosophical analysis was found to establish a kind of balance between moral values and new scientific developments from analyzing the ethical problems facing doctors, clerics and law because of the wide gap between human thought and technology. Hence the nature of moral philosophy changed and it has an important branch called practical ethics that does not only analyze, but seeks To find solutions towards application without being satisfied with theorizing process. And since man has always been the object of the law's attention, it was necessary for the law to It is attached to this medical and biological progress and to change some legal rules in order to benefit from this progress in the field of medicine and surgery. Industrial resuscitation and related issues, such as cases of the doctor’s refusal to provide assistance to the terminally ill patient, raise great controversy in front of clergy, ethics and law, where it is necessary to contribute together to put these problems within their ethical, religious and legal framework in order to protect the human right to life, and to encourage doctors to research and innovate. In which the principle is to save many patients from certain death or at least from the pain of the disease. The root of the problem is that artificial resuscitation affects a human right, which is his right to life and to the infallibility of his body. The problem is more evident in the case of those who are terminally ill and subject to the artificial resuscitation device, where there are no sufficient industrial devices to cover the large number of patients in the same condition or more. The doctor, beyond any doubt, will find himself in a difficult situation that requires him to intervene quickly to save the life of a person who is threatened with death. This may cost him the necessity of stopping the resuscitation device for another patient who suffers with the continuity of his life under this artificial device without benefit or hope for recovery.