Taherah MohammadabadiAgricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Iran
Title: Camel milk: A superfood for cardiovascular diseases
Currently, consumers' interest in camel milk has been increased due to its health benefits. Camel milk is rich in vitamins C, Mn, iron, Cu and Zn rather than cow milk. Camel milk has high amount of immunoglobulins and protective enzymes like lactoferrin, peptidoglycan recognition protein, lactoperoxidase and lysozyme. Furthermore, lactic acid bacteria of camel milk as strong probiotic are important for the gut health and function. Smaller size of nanobodies of camel milk prevent food allergy and enhance the immune system and inflammations. Camel milk contains insulin like proteins, which does not form coagulum in the acidic condition of stomach and may be an effective alternative for insulin to treat type 1 and 2 and gestational diabetes. Camel milk may prepare about 60% of the insulin in type 1 diabetes patients. Camel milk is effective on cholesterol content and cardiovascular diseases. Probiotic bacteria of camel milk may interfere with cholesterol absorption from the intestine by de conjugating bile salts and preventing reabsorption. Hypocholesterolemia peptides have been resulted in cholesterol reduction by binding to cholesterol or reducing the micellar solubility of cholesterol and inhibiting cholesterol absorption. Lactoferrin, immunoglobulins and antioxidants of camel milk led to improve cardiovascular challenge in type 1 and 2 diabetes. Using of camel milk for 6 months reduced LDL and triacylglycerol’s in type 1 diabetic cases. Reduction of 1% in cholesterol reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases by 2–3%. Therefore, camel milk is effective in preventing complications due to diabetes and cardiovascular disorders.
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