Valery GafarovNovosibirsk, Institute of Internal and Preventive , Russian Federation
Title : Gender differences in dynamic of job stress as cardiovascular risk factor in population aged 25-64 years from 1988 to 2017
The aim: To determine gender differences in the dynamic of job stress indicators in an open population of 25-64 years over a long-term period - 29 years in Russia / Siberia (Novosibirsk).
Methods: Within the framework of the screening in 1988-89 under the WHO MONICA-psychosocial program (n=1676, 49.5% males, mean age 44.1±0.4 years), in 2003-2005 under the international project HAPIEE (n=1650, 34.9% males, mean age 54.25±0.2 years), in 2013-2016 (n=975, 43.8% males, mean age 34.5±0,4 years) and 2016-2017 (n=663, 41.3% males, mean age 51.95±0.32 years) in frame budgetary theme No.AAAA-A17-117112850280-2, random representative samples of men and women in Novosibirsk were examined. Job stress indicators were assessed using the Karasek’s scale.
Results: About 40% of male and female population in 1988 reported a change in occupation in the previous 12 years. In 2016-17, the proportion of men and women who enjoy their job increased slightly compared to 1988, but the gender difference was insignificant.
Responsibility at work increased up to 58.2% and 54.5% by 2013 among young men and women. Men more often than women indicated conflicts with their superiors and subordinates. In 2013, the change of workplace was reported more often than changes in salary amounting to 11-12%.
There was a trend towards an increase in workload at the workplace to 48% in and 36% in women at young-aged group.
The proportion of women who cannot relax and rest after usual working day in the period from 1988 to 2013-16 was stable at 38-39%; but the proportion of such men has been growing over 29 years and began to exceed women by 10% in 2016-17.
Conclusions: Both genders began to perform additional work tasks more often and to assess their responsibility at work as high over 29 years of observations. There is a trend towards eliminating of sex differences.
Professor Valery Gafarov, in 1974 - MD (Novosibirsk medical university). 1980 - Phd, theme " Epidemiological studying Acute Myocardial Infarction in conditions of large industrial centre of Western Siberia". 1991 - MPH; 2003 - professor on a specialty "cardiology"; 2003 - present time – head of collaborative laboratory of epidemiology cardiovascular diseases and Laboratory of psychological, sociological aspects of therapeutic diseases of Research Institute of Internal and Preventive Medicine. The author of 758 scientific publications (articles and abstracts), from them 6 monographs