Virtual Conference
Heart 2022 Conference

Muhammad Zohaib Khan

Government College University (GCU), Pakistan

Title: Psychological Hardiness, Subjective Well-Being, and Resilience in Cardiac Patients


Objective: The existing study was designed to investigate the gender differences among cardiac patients in terms of psychological hardiness, subjective wellbeing, and resilience.

Methodology: Cross-sectional research design was used to assess the differences between male and female cardiac patients. The sample was comprised of 75 cardiac patients including (male=43, female=32) with an age range from 27 + 65 years through purposive sampling technique. Participants were informed about the significance of research before getting their informed consent and then data were collected through valid and reliable indigenously translated research instruments. Confidentiality of patients’ responses and identity was ensured. Further, responses were analyzed by using statistical software i.e., SPSS-23 and AMOS-20.

Results: Results of the independent sample t-test showed that male cardiac patients have a significantly (p<.05) higher level of psychological hardiness and resilience as compared to female patients. Furthermore, the results of path analysis through structure equational modeling revealed that resilience significantly mediated the relationship between psychological hardiness and subjective wellbeing in patients (?2=1.82, p<.05, RMSEA=.07, RMR=.20, CFI=.97, GFI=.98, and TLI=.93).

Conclusion: Findings of this research highlights the adaptive function of psychological hardiness in cardiac patients’ life. This study would contribute to the literature and help the medical professionals, health/clinical psychologists, as well as patients’ families about their rehabilitation and deal effectively with the cardiac patients by enhancing their level of wellbeing. 


Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Psychology Government College University (GCU) Lahore, Pakistan